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1. An example of an almanac is

A. Old Farmer’s.

B. World Book.

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C. National Atlas of the United States.

D. Roget’s.

2. What is the second step in the research process?

A. Organize your information

B. Find and retrieve materials

C. Choose and refine your topic

D. Evaluate your sources

3. Which of the following documents are considered primary sources?

A. Encyclopedias and biographical dictionaries

B. Academic journal articles and books published by scholars

C. Raw data, diaries, letters, manuscripts, and original accounts

D. Books primarily concerned with the creative process

4. Information literacy is defined as a set of skills needed to

A. communicate effectively for speech and public speaking.

B. write effectively for research papers.

C. find, retrieve, analyze, and use information.

D. learn and speak a second language.

5. To save time during the research process, don’t choose topics that are too

A. narrow.

B. broad.

C. confusing.

D. current.

6. Which of the following is not a primary source?

A. A diary

B. A map

C. A speech

D. An article in a journal written after the original event

7. You can use _______ to track emerging trends in a particular field that may generate ideas for a research

project topic.

A. sound recordings

B. almanacs

C. bulletin boards and listservs

D. subject-specific encyclopedias

8. What is the third step in the research process?

A. Evaluate your sources

B. Cite your sources

C. Organize your information

D. Find and retrieve materials

9. Which of the following is not a secondary source?

A. An encyclopedia

B. A textbook

C. A book

D. An autobiography

10. Before you begin researching a broad topic, it is best to consult various sources which can include

A. encyclopedias, DVDs, friends, and coworkers.

B. social media, blogs, television, and supervisors.

C. the course textbook, study guide, lesson notes, and webinars.

D. trade journals, Wikipedia, webinars, and expert interviews.

11. Where is the best place to find information about current developments about a specific topic?

A. Thesaurus

B. Who’s Who

C. The New York Times

D. U.S. Economic Census

12. Where is the best place to look for information about a specific person?

A. A current biography or book

B. The White Queen

C. Atlas of American History

D. A trade journal

13. Which of the following sentences about Wikipedia is true?

A. You should never use Wikipedia during a research project, even for background research.

B. Wikipedia’s content can be edited anonymously by anyone at any time, making it an unreliable source.

C. All of the content on Wikipedia is written in a biased point of view.

D. You should never use Wikipedia during a research project because its information is usually wrong.

14. Which of the following is a secondary source?

A. A newspaper article

B. A recording

C. Photographs and images

D. Government records

15. Where is the best place to find an organization’s contact information?

A. A statistical source

B. A dictionary

C. A directory

D. A blog

16. Which of the following is a primary source?

A. A speech

B. A journal article

C. An encyclopedia

D. A textbook

17. Social networking websites, such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram, are best suited for which of the

following types of research?

A. Acquiring facts and statistical information

B. Getting leads on current topics, developing trends, and subject matter experts

C. Identifying emerging trends in a particular field that may generate ideas for a research project or paper

D. Acquiring information on original research

18. Primary sources are defined as original

A. sources of information that were written by those who had firsthand experience of topics or events.

B. information from textbooks written about a specific era.

C. information from encyclopedias written during the time period in which a specific event took place.

D. depictions of events from the standpoint of a playwright who lived and published plays or satire during the time period of a

specific event.

19. One of the important questions you need to ask yourself before starting a research project is

A. “Is there enough information available?”

B. “Who is the audience for my project?”

C. “How long does my project have to be?”

D. “What is the purpose of the project?”

End of exam

20. Periodical indexes are defined as

A. printed lists of magazines, academic journals, and newspapers classified in a way that’s used to easily locate articles on either

general or specific subjects.

B. directories of journals and magazines used for course work in a specific subject area.

C. directories of books referenced in a course on biology.

D. printed lists of dictionaries, almanacs, and encyclopedias organized in a way that’s used to easily locate sources for reference

research on a particular topic.


1. The search engine Bing offers

A. searches across library catalogs, newspapers, journal articles, and the Web.

B. more than 100,000 sources from universities, the government, and noncommercial providers.

C. different results gleaned from URLs and tags for different subjects searched.

D. related search ideas and search suggestions as you type in the search bar, as well as various search options.

2. Which of the following options are available under “Search within results” in EDSeek (Expanded

Academic ASAP)?

A. Only full text, only peer- reviewed, must have images

B. Only dates of publication, only images, only page count

C. Only peer-reviewed, only images, only dates of publication

D. Only full text, only have images, only reports

3. The different document types available within EDSeek (Expanded Academic ASAP) include

A. publication titles, publication types, and audio selections.

B. magazines, academic journals, books, and newspapers.

C. articles, reports, brief articles, author abstracts, letters to editors, and more.

D. full text, peer-reviewed, and images.

4. Boolean operators include

A. and, or, not, andnot, or and not.

B. and, with, or not.

C. and and not only.

D. or, not, and with.

5. Why is the viewpoint of an author important?

A. It states your point of view on a particular topic.

B. It provides you with direct quotes for your research.

C. It expresses popular opinion.

D. It helps you to determine whether an article is biased or unbiased.

6. What is EDSeek (Expanded Academic ASAP)?

A. A periodical database

B. A Boolean search engine

C. An open-access search engine on the Web

D. A metasearch engine

7. What is WorldCat?

A. A source for library and information professionals

B. An international database of libraries and their collections

C. A database of more than 72,000 documents for education professionals

D. An Internet archive that serves as a one-stop spot for research

8. The top-level domain name of .com indicates that the website is

A. nonprofit.

B. educational.

C. commercial.

D. government-related.

9. Which search engine offers scholarly resources, including articles and theses, that span countless


A. RefSeek

B. Bing

C. Google Scholar

D. Academic Index

10. Penn Foster’s own Digital Library is accessed via

A. the Library Services icon on the right sidebar of your Student Portal page.

B. the Online Community by clicking on Academic Spaces.

C. the internet using only Google or Explorer and searching the tool bar.

D. the Library services icon on Penn Foster’s Online Community.

11. Which of the following sources likely has the most reliable information?

A. A computer science textbook written by an expert in the field in the early 2000s

B. An article in last month’s issue of a peer-reviewed trade journal

C. A graduate student’s blog that was updated ten months ago

D. A company-sponsored website with detailed citations

12. Examples of common search engines used for research include

A. Google, Bing, and Yahoo.

B. Open Library, Project Gutenberg, and The Internet Public Library.

C. EDSeek (Expanded Academic ASAP), Reader’s Guide, and Dogpile.

D. Outlook, Internet Explorer, and Chrome.

13. On Page 22 of 46 in Lesson 2 of Information Literacy, the arrow for section #3 in the Expanded

Academic ASAP citation is pointing to

A. Publication (journals, etc.).

B. Author (editor, etc.).

C. Volume.

D. Title.

14. Examples of metasearch engines include

A. Search.com, Dogpile, and MetaLib.

B. Google, Bing, and Yahoo.

C. Google Scholar, iSEEK, and Academic Index.

D. RefSeek, Internet Explorer, and Chrome.

15. Using a plus (+) sign before a keyword search indicates that

A. you’re adding a new term to your search.

B. you’re eliminating a word from your search results.

C. it’s an optional term within your search.

D. it’s a mandatory word that must be found in the search.

16. The best way to access EDSeek (Expanded Academic ASAP) is to

A. perform an Internet search for “EDSeek database.”

B. log onto your Penn Foster Student Portal and choose the Information Literacy course.

C. log into your Penn Foster Student Portal Page and click on the Library Services Button on the right sidebar.

D. perform a search engine search for “EDSeek” and choose from the list of hits.

17. The symbol used in most truncation searches is

A. the percent sign (%).

B. the ampersand (&).

C. the hyphen (-).

D. the asterisk (*).

18. Using a minus (-) sign in your search indicates that

A. the term needs to be included in your search.

B. the search engine or database needs to perform calculations.

C. the hits need to be evaluated according to a mathematical formula.

D. the word should be excluded from your search.

19. Which of the following statements about human-power search engines is true?

A. People code the search engine so that they’ll populate lists of trending search terms and phrases.

B. Links are selected by users.

C. The selection process is unregulated, so the results are thought to be of lower quality.

D. Users send in their search request and then the search engine librarians find materials for them.

End of exam

20. All of the following are aspects of the search process except

A. pages containing the searched-for words are located.

B. automated spiders “crawl” websites and build lists of keywords.

C. users vote on the relevance of the source, which affects whether it will appear in future searches.

D. select information is sent to the search engine’s database to be indexed.

1. The correct term for the list of sources in MLA format is

A. Bibliography Page.

B. References.

C. Citations Page.

D. Works Cited.

2. According to Penn Foster’s Student Handbook, the Academic Dishonesty section defines cheating as


A. effort to contact your instructor or school staff in order to clarify your directions and limits of collaboration with fellow


B. effort to collaborate with other students to assist you in the learning and writing process.

C. effort at inappropriate collaborative activity in which the work submitted to the school does not represent the work of the

enrolled student.

D. effort to contact a tutorial service provided by Penn Foster for additional academic assistance.

3. In the following citation from EDSeek (also known as Expanded Academic ASAP), what is the

publication title?

The way we lie now: technology makes it easier than ever to play fast and loose with the truth—but easier

than ever to get caught. Megan Garber. The Atlantic. 312.2 (Sept. 2013) p15. Word Count: 1252.

A. The way we lie now

B. Technology makes it easier than ever to play fast and loose with the truth—but easier than ever to get caught

C. The Atlantic

D. Sept. 2013

4. The website for Long Island University provides online

A. resources that are a popular means of disseminating information.

B. bibliography generators.

C. style guides.

D. print and ebooks that include citation and documentation guides.

5. Although online bibliographic generators are generally accurate, it’s always best practice to verify the

accuracy of the citations by

A. comparing various citation styles and using whichever one makes the most sense.

B. copying the citation styles used in other authors’ bibliographies.

C. using Purdue University and Long Island University’s online writing labs.

D. borrowing real-life examples of research in your given field of study.

6. Plagiarism is defined as

A. using material in your paper that is classified as fair use, even if citations are included.

B. properly using quotations and citations in your finished work.

C. dishonestly using another person’s ideas or finished work as your own without giving credit for the source.

D. using common knowledge in your work.

7. A research journal can help you keep notes

A. on notecards arranged according to author.

B. from a single source together with the required citation information.

C. from multiple sources arranged according to the date they were accessed.

D. for your bibliography arranged according to pages.

8. What is the definition of copyright law?

A. Legal protection of inventions and processes that excludes others from trying to market, produce, and sell them

B. Legal protection of ideas, concepts, and research that was conceived of but not fixed to paper or any other tangible medium

C. Legal protection that covers published and unpublished literary, scientific, and artistic works provided that such works are

fixed in a tangible or material form

D. Legal protection for symbols, words, company brands, and products

9. The correct term for the list of sources in APA format is

A. Citations Page.

B. Bibliography Page.

C. References.

D. Works Cited.

10. MLA is an abbreviation for which organization?

A. Modern Language Association

B. Modern Linguistics Association

C. Methodology of Linguistic Studies Alliance

D. Methodology of Language Research and Abbreviation Alliance

11. To which of the following does copyright protection not apply?

A. Inventions

B. Sounds

C. Video

D. Images

12. Purdue University’s Online writing Lab (OWL) is a tool that

A. is free to use and offers support for all facets of writing, from basic grammar and punctuation to MLA and APA citation and

document styles.

B. provides instruction to only Purdue University students in all areas of writing from the writing process to research methods.

C. is published by the Council of Science Editors and is used for research writing in science and related fields.

D. helps you create your bibliographies and generates a complete list of resources you’ve used.

13. What information is not required in a bibliographic citation?

A. Country of publication


C. Date of online access

D. Author’s name

14. Self-plagiarism occurs when you

A. cut and paste direct words from a Wikipedia article.

B. take a harmless shortcut when you have too many assignments to hand in.

C. turn in one assignment for more than one course.

D. neglect to cite sources in your research paper.

15. Which of the following elements should be placed first in a bibliographic citation?

A. Title

B. Date of publication

C. Place of publication

D. Author

16. MLA and APA are

A. citations methods that are used only in humanities disciplines.

B. creations by the University of Chicago for graduate students.

C. primary citation methods used in college-level research.

D. bibliographic generators.

17. Which of the following sentences is true?

A. Fair use permits an individual to make multiple copies of a periodical article for other people.

B. Patents protect symbols, a word or phrase, and names used by a particular company that represent the company or a


C. Plagiarism doesn’t include paraphrasing someone else’s words without giving proper credit.

D. Even if the information has been restated in your own words and sentence structure, you still need to use a citation.

18. In Lesson 3 of Information Literacy, you learned about

A. cut-and-paste, paraphrasing, and self-plagiarism.

B. Google Scholar, I-Seek, and Ref Seek.

C. secondary sources, primary sources, and web crawlers.

End of exam

D. reliable websites, search engines, and databases.

19. Fair use is defined as

A. an exemption to the copyright law that allows someone to reproduce a logo of a company to print on their own business


B. an exemption to the copyright law under which an individual, in certain circumstances, is allowed to make a single copy of an

article or portions of a book for personal study and research.

C. an exemption of the intellectual property law that permits duplication of media for marketing and resale purposes.

D. an exemption of the patent law that permits individuals to market and sell a product created by another person or company.

20. According to Penn Foster’s Student Handbook, the Student Code of conduct states never

A. ask about penalties for plagiarized work, assume it will not be an issue, and continue on with your project.

B. ask for clarification of an assignment or project that you do not clearly understand.

C. ask for assistance from instructors, staff or the Community.

D. ask for, receive, or give unauthorized help on graded assignments, quizzes, or examinations.

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